Labour Australia

  • Tip: searches only the name field
  • Tip: Use double quotes to search for a phrase

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Francis Harold (Hal) Devanny (1888–1966)

This article was published:

This entry is from People Australia

Francis Harold (Hal) Devanny (1888-1966) coal miner, gaoled publisher and Communist activist 

Birth: 8 September 1888 at Napier, New Zealand, son of William Devanny (1856-1912), mental hospital attendant, and Mary Ann Teresa, née Kavanagh (1864-1956). Both parents were born in New Zealand. Marriage: reputedly in 1911 but actually on 9 January 1925 in the registrar’s office at Palmerston, New Zealand, to Jane (Jean) Crook (1894-1962), an author and fellow Marxist. They had two daughters and a son. Death: 7 August 1966 at Charters Towers, Queensland. [D/c 1966 C/4156] 

  • In New Zealand worked as a coal miner then as a salesman.
  • Joined Communist Party of Australia (CPA) upon arrival in Sydney from New Zealand in 1929. In 1930-1931 was working as a drainer and living at Darlinghurst, Sydney.
  • Publisher of Workers’ Weekly, for which he was sentenced to six months gaol in 1932. The conviction was quashed on appeal to the High Court.
  • In 1935 was CPA candidate for Waverley in election for State parliament.
  • Moved to Queensland and in 1954 was a mill hand at Townsville, Queensland.

Sources
Jean Devanny, Point of departure; the autobiography of Jean Devanny (St Lucia, 1986); Stuart Macintyre, The Reds: The Communist Party of Australia from origins to illegality (Sydney, 1998).

Citation details

'Devanny, Francis Harold (Hal) (1888–1966)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, https://labouraustralia.anu.edu.au/biography/devanny-francis-harold-hal-33478/text41860, accessed 18 April 2024.

© Copyright Labour Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Birth

8 September, 1888
Napier, New Zealand

Death

7 August, 1966 (aged 77)
Charters Towers, Queensland, Australia

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

Occupation
Political Activism