Labour Australia

  • Tip: searches only the name field
  • Tip: Use double quotes to search for a phrase

Browse Lists:

Cultural Advice

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website contains names, images, and voices of deceased persons.

In addition, some articles contain terms or views that were acceptable within mainstream Australian culture in the period in which they were written, but may no longer be considered appropriate.

These articles do not necessarily reflect the views of The Australian National University.

Older articles are being reviewed with a view to bringing them into line with contemporary values but the original text will remain available for historical context.

Margaret Caroline Fox (1870–1953)

by Chris Cunneen

This article was published:

This entry is from People Australia

Margaret Caroline Fox, née Walker (1870-1953), Labor party activist

Birth: 3 March 1870 in Sydney, New South Wales, daughter of Reuben Walker, marine engineer, and Margaret, née Quirk. Marriage: 28 October 1895 at St Peters, NSW, with Primitive Methodist forms, to Charles Fox (1862-1936), bricklayer and trade unionist. They had a daughter and two sons. Death: 23 December 1953 at Penrose, NSW. Religion: Methodist. 

  • At her marriage she gave "domestic help" as her occupation.

  • Caroline Fox was closely connected with the Royal Hospital for Women, Paddington, from about 1908. Active member of the Rose Day Charity Fund and prominent in Sunshine Club and its work for children.
  • A long-standing stalwart of the Australian Labor Party. In 1912 a member of the Paddington Labor League. A delegate to the Women’s Central Organising Committee [WCOC] from 1904 and for seventeen years vice-president, as well as acting as treasurer. Active speaker in Labor campaigns and in the anti-conscription movement during World War I. Member of the Surry Hills branch of the ALP in 1919, was elected its delegate to East Sydney Federal Labor Council.
  • President Labor WCOC in 1924. At a women’s convention that year she “advocated the abolition of capital punishment.” In 1927 she was vice-president of the Labor Women’s Club.
  • Appointed Justice of the Peace by Lang Labor government in March 1927.
  • Still active in the Paddington branch of the ALP in the 1930s.
  • Cause of death: coronary occlusion.

Additional Resources

Citation details

Chris Cunneen, 'Fox, Margaret Caroline (1870–1953)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 23 July 2024.

© Copyright Labour Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]

Alternative Names
  • Walker, Margaret Caroline

3 March, 1870
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia


23 December, 1953 (aged 83)
Penrose, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death

heart disease

Religious Influence

Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.

Passenger Ship
Key Organisations
Political Activism