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George Charles Gregory (1869–1933)

by Peter D. Gardner

This article was published:

This entry is from People Australia

George Charles Gregory (1869-1933) coalminer, trade union official and factory inspector

Birth: 19 January 1869 at Morpeth, New South Wales, son of native-born John George Gregory (1843-1935), carpenter, and Winifred, née Williams (1847-1887), born at Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England. Marriage: 4 August 1893 at Newcastle, NSW, to native-born Mary Ellen Miller (1876-1945). They had one daughter and three sons. Death: 21 August 1933 at North Sydney, NSW. Religion: Anglican. 

  • Worked in the early 1890s as a coalminer in Wallsend, Newcastle, NSW, where his eldest son was born in 1896. By 1899 had moved with his family to Outtrim, Victoria, where two sons were born and two sons died.
  • In 1900 was delegate for Outtrim lodge to Victorian Coal Miners' Association (VCMA). Held various positions in lodge until disbandment of VCMA in 1904. Lodge president in 1902.
  • Major figure in two cases before High Court: the Martell Case (which ran throughout Victorian coal strike of 1903-04 and contributed significantly to VCMA's demise) and the Gregory Case (employer-initiated litigation which saw token damages awarded against VCMA).
  • Outtrim district officer at end of great strike in 1904 & was subsequently blackbanned by companies.
  • With many other ex-VCMA miners went to Collie, Western Australia, where his daughter was born in 1905. Became active in Collie River District Miners' Union. In 1905 was delegate for Cardiff lodge and West Collie lodge and candidate for union president. In 1906 union vice-president, treasurer & acting treasurer.
  • Left Collie about 1908 and returned to NSW where in 1913 the Labor government appointed him a factory inspector at Newcastle. He resigned in 1921.
  • Later was foreman on the Main Roads Board and lived at McMahon’s Point, North Sydney.
  • Cause of death: cardiac failure and chronic interstitial myocarditis.

CRDMU Records, Battye Library, Perth; Great Southern Advocate; Tocsin; Korumburra Times; P. D. Gardner, Too old to rat: the radical miners of South Gippsland 1893-1904 (Ensay, Victoria, 1994).

Related Entries in NCB Sites

Citation details

Peter D. Gardner, 'Gregory, George Charles (1869–1933)', People Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 23 July 2024.

© Copyright Labour Australia, 2012

Life Summary [details]


19 January, 1869
Morpeth, New South Wales, Australia


21 August, 1933 (aged 64)
North Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Cause of Death

heart disease

Cultural Heritage

Includes subject's nationality; their parents' nationality; the countries in which they spent a significant part of their childhood, and their self-identity.

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Includes the religion in which subjects were raised, have chosen themselves, attendance at religious schools and/or religious funeral rites; Atheism and Agnosticism have been included.

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